About Making Browns and Greys in Watercolor
February 27, 2013
Whenever I want browns or greys in a painting, I mix them. I do not use brown, black or grey paint in my palette. I’ve just started a new workshop, and realized this is something I tell all my students. When new students sign up for the workshops I send them a supplies list so they’ll be prepared on day one. I don’t include white, either. I like my colors bright, clear, and initially un-muddied. When black, browns and white are included in a pre-fab set of paints, so be it, but they are never included on my list of colors for a new student to buy.
Why do I believe this? Because its easier than pie to mix your own greys and browns, and when you do, the colors are much more interesting. Browns and greys can be mixed using different combinations of the primary color triad, or secondary or tertiary triads for that matter.
Various warm browns mixed by using violet and yellow or orange (above and below)
Want a nice chocolaty-brown? Use Alizarin, a bit of cobalt blue or even purple, and a nice cadmium orange. Change the amounts of each color you add to get the tint you want.
red and green to make a cool brown, using drop-in and mixed methods
How about a nice warm payne’s grey? Start with Permanent Blue or French Ultramarine, add a little yellow, and then if needed, a touch of red. Or pink. Again, play around with the amounts you add to change the tint.
a Payne’s grey, mixed from primaries: blue and yellow
a whole different grey using three versions of primary colors
So my thought has been: why buy them, unless of course you use a lot of them? I don’t use them much. But also I think that when you mix them either in the palette or on the paper, they’re so much more intriguing. Shadows and dark areas are much more luscious using darker values of colors, or putting in a layer of an opposing color on the area you want the shadow to be. There’s so much more to discover in the painting.
Here’s a question: how often does brown occur in nature? Yes, the ground is brown. A lot of animals are. Tree trunks, generally, are brown, but there’s so many different colors. If you look at a eucalyptus tree, is the trunk the same color, as, say, a redwood? I find it so much more fun to see what I can come up with.
Detail, “Cherry Blossoms”, ©Jill Rosoff 2012
I did a painting last year of Cherry Blossoms. Have you ever noticed that the branches on fruit trees are sometimes more of a rich burgundy color, not at all brown? If you look closely at this painting, you may notice that the branches here are indeed a deep, reddish burgundy. What may not be so obvious is that I painted each branch first with a layer of Alizarin Crimson, a great, rich, deep, cool red. And while the strokes of color were still wet, I dropped in some Viridian green. This is a color you just can’t get out of a tube of raw sienna, or burnt umber. It’s a very complex burgundy. That’s right, its in the purplish range, and oh so very interesting! See the full painting here: Cherry Blossoms.
And by the way, do you know where the two browns’ names, sienna and umber, come from? Go to northern Italy. The earth in Sienna, in Tuscany, and in Umbria, which is next to Tuscany, are just about those colors. And the difference in raw and burnt? The raw versions are straight from the ground. The burnt, or warmer, versions, have literally been burned, where the fire brings out the warmer tones. Don’t you just love knowing that?